Kharkiv was the first capital of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, from December 1919 to January 1934, after which the capital relocated to Kiev. In the northeast of the country, it is the largest city of the Slobozhanshchyna historical region. Kharkiv is the administrative centre of Kharkiv Oblast and of the surrounding Kharkiv Raion, though administratively it is incorporated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion. There are many famous institutes of higher education in Kharkiv; Kharkiv National University of Radio Electronics has a significant place in the system of Ukrainian higher education.

Kharkiv contains numerous parks and gardens such as the Gor’ky park, Shevchenko park, Hydro park, Strelka park, Sarzhyn Yar and Feldman ecopark. The Gor’ky park is a common place for recreation activities among visitors and local people.[citation needed] The Shevchenko park is situated in close proximity to the V.N. It is also a common place for recreation activities among the students, professors, locals and foreigners.

Zina Andri — Founder of Albanian National Theater and stage director, born Zinaida Andrejenko in Kharkiv, Ukraine. There is a large bicycles producer, Kharkiv Bicycle Plant within the city. Presently, the modern bicycle highway is under construction at the “Leso park” district in Kharkiv.

Derzhprom was the second tallest building in Europe and the tallest in the Soviet Union at the time with a height of 63 metres (207 ft). In the 1920s, a 150 metres (490 ft) wooden radio tower was built on top of the building. During the interwar period the city saw the spread of architectural constructivism. The same year on November 7, 1932 the building of Noblemen Assembly was transformed into the building of All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee. Soon after the Crimean War, in 1860–61 number of hromada societies sprung up across the Ukrainian cities including Kharkiv.

Among the most prominent hromada members in Kharkiv was Oleksandr Potebnia, a native of Sloboda Ukraine. Beside the old hromada, in Kharkiv also existed several student hromadas members of which were future political leaders of Ukraine such as Borys Martos, Dmytro Antonovych and many others. One of the University of Kharkiv graduates Oleksandr Kovalenko was one of initiators of the mutiny on Russian battleship Potemkin being the only officer who supported the in-rank sailors. Kharkiv became a major industrial centre and with it a centre of Ukrainian culture. In 1812, the first Ukrainian newspaper was published there.[citation needed] One of the first Prosvitas in Eastern Ukraine was also established in Kharkiv.

Sarzhyn Yar is a natural ravine three minutes walk from “Botanichniy Sad” station. It is an old girder that now – is a modern park zone more than 12 km length. There is also a mineral water source with cupel and a sporting court. Kharkiv is connected with all main cities in Ukraine and abroad by regular railway trains. Regional trains known as elektrichkas connect Kharkiv with nearby towns and villages.

During World War II, Kharkiv was the site of several military engagements (see below). As the country’s capital, it underwent intense expansion with the construction of buildings to house the newly established Ukrainian Soviet government and administration.

Kharkiv has experienced more non-lethal small bombings since 22 February 2015 targeting army fuel tanks, an unoccupied passenger train and a Ukrainian flag in the city centre. From early November until mid-December, Kharkiv was struck by seven non-lethal bomb blasts. Targets of these attacks included a rock pub known for raising money for Ukrainian forces, a hospital for Ukrainian forces, a military recruiting centre, and a National Guard base. According to SBU investigator Vasyliy Vovk, Russian covert forces were behind the attacks, and had intended to destabilize the otherwise calm city of Kharkiv. Historically, Kharkiv lies in the Sloboda Ukraine region (Slobozhanshchyna also known as Slobidshchyna) in Ukraine, in which it is considered to be the main city.

A powerful nationally aware political movement was also established there and the concept of an Independent Ukraine was first declared there by the lawyer Mykola Mikhnovsky in 1900. The city was founded by re-settlers who were running away from the war that engulfed Right-bank Ukraine in 1654 (see Khmelnytsky Uprising). The years before the region was a sparsely populated part of the Cossack Hetmanate.


After the collapse of the Soviet Union the largely defence-systems-oriented industrial production of the city decreased significantly. In the early 2000s, the industry started to recover and adapt to market economy needs.

The group of people came onto the banks of Lopan and Kharkiv rivers where an abandoned settlement stood. According to archive documents, the leader of the re-settlers was otaman Ivan Kryvoshlyk. The city was founded in 1654 and after a humble beginning as a small fortress grew to be a major centre of Ukrainian industry, trade and culture in the Russian Empire.

  • Today, Kharkiv is often referred to as the “capital city” of Ukrainian science fiction and fantasy.
  • The annual science fiction convention “Star Bridge” (Звёздный мост) has been held in Kharkiv since 1999.
  • Everything that was still left of its exhibits and in the store perished, including paintings, graphics, furniture and books.
  • L. Oldie, Alexander Zorich, Andrey Dashkov, Yuri Nikitin and Andrey Valentinov; most of them write in Russian and are popular in both Russia and Ukraine.
  • On 2 March 2014, a Russian “tourist” from Moscow replaced the Ukrainian flag with a Russian flag on the Kharkiv regional state administration building.
  • The 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine affected Kharkiv but to a lesser extent than in neighbouring Donbass, where tensions led to armed conflict.

Museum collection consists of paintings, graphics, sculpture, decorative and applied art of Ukrainian, Russian and Western artists from various periods in art history. Upon the liberation of Kharkiv from the occupation and return of the items from evacuation storage in комментарии харьков March 1944, Kharkiv National museum of Ukrainian art was reopened in a building in Sovnarkomovska Street (currently Zhen Myronosits). One of the greatest tennis players of all time and current world No. 2. Novak Djokovic visited Liga.Tennis Center & Academy last week.

Kharkiv enjoys a lot of possibilities being a twin city of Bologna, Poznan, Nuremberg and a number of other towns from all over the world. The commission for journalistic ethics and the non-governmental organization “Charter-4” are resuming their trip through Ukraine.

The Ecopark is situated at circle highway around Kharkiv. It attracts kids, parents, students, professors, locals and foreigners to undertake recreation activities.

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Being an important transportation centre of Ukraine, many different means of transportation are available in Kharkiv. Kharkiv’s Metro is the city’s rapid transit system operating since 1975. It includes three different lines with 30 stations in total. During the Soviet era, Kharkiv was the capital of industrial production in Ukraine and the third largest[citation needed]centre of industry and commerce in the USSR.

There are a large number of broadcast and internet TV channels, AM/FM/PM/internet radio-stations, and paper/internet newspapers in Kharkiv. The Kharkiv Puppet Museum is the oldest museum of dolls in Ukraine.

I have learned some advertising methods for the elections, and sad to say, but that in Ukrain, even if you have thousands of international observers during the elections, you still can not guarantee that the result will be correct. My time with the OSCE was very interesting and allowed me to apply all of my professional skills to work with Politicians, Police and other government offices that were responsible for the welfare of the people of Ukraine. The organization itself allowed me to work with other Internationals and provided me with perspective from not only other Nations but their governments and ways of life. In the years that passed since the second world war, the number of items in the art collection increased to twenty-five thousand.

On Sunday 22 February 2015, there was a terrorist bomb attack on a march to commemorate people who died in the Euromaidan protests in 2014. The terrorists claimed that it was a false flag attack.

On September 2-3 representatives of the commission will visit Lviv. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine opens a new session with a discussion of President комментарии харьков L. Kuchma’s television address to the Ukrainian people. That was a short time job for the period of parlamentary elections in Ukraine.

Kharkiv Fortress

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There are many professional tennis courts in the city. There are a men’s volleyball teams, Lokomotyv Kharkiv and Yurydychna Akademіya Kharkiv, which performed in Ukraine and in European competitions. Avangard Budy is a bandy club from Kharkiv, which won the Ukrainian championship in 2013. Kharkiv also had some ice hockey clubs, MHC Dynamo Kharkiv, Vityaz Kharkiv, Yunost Kharkiv, HC Kharkiv, who competed in the Ukrainian Hockey Championship. There is also a female football club WFC Zhytlobud-1 Kharkiv, which represented Ukraine in the European competitions and constantly is the main contender for the national title.

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